An act pushed by the Radical Republican Congress defining citizenship.
This amendment provides a definition of a citizen of this country. This amendment provides that all states will provide equal protection to everyone within their jurisdiction. It introductes the due process clause and the principle of equal protection under the law. It ensures that all constitutional rights are provided equally to all citizens of this country, regardless of race, sex, religious beliefs and creed.
Another big step in Black civil rights during the Reconstruction period. It overturned the "Black Codes" that the Southern states enacted in order to continue discrimination against black citizens. States needed to ratify the amendment to be readmitted to the Union under the Radicals' plan for Reconstruction.