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  • Aaron Burr - Summary Crazy vice president during Thomas Jefferson's presidency. - Importance Important because he showed just how crazy some people were at that time. (To be honest, I really don't see what's important about him other then that we mock him, I geuss his conspiracy showed how some people were power hungry and how he tried to conspire with the Northern Confederacy.)
  • Abigail Adams

    - Summary Wife of John Adams. - Importance

    Important because she was a very intelligent person where her opinions influenced the president, her husband obviously had huge influence. This was because he consulted with her for her opinion on many things and frequently tried to see things from her viewpoint. She was an advocate for expanded women's rights and education. She saw Revolutionary era ideas about independence and liberty as an opportunity for women (it didn't work).
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    - Summary A treaty between the border of the US and Spain (Mexico). - Importance

    Important because it was a 'after result' of the Louisiana purchase and created a official border between Spain and the US. Also showed how aggressively the US was accumulating territory and expanding.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    - Summary Four acts which punished speaking against the U.S Government. - Importance

    Important because people saw it as a move John Adams made that was unconstitutional since it was not in the constitution and was infringing the rights of freedom of speech. It was a huge factor in the elections of 1798 and 1800 where the anti-federalists won a dropping victory (Jefferson wins).
  • Barbary Pirates

    - Summary Pirates that disrupted shipping. - Importance

    Important because it led directly to the creation of the US Navy to protect their ships but they also paid tribute for peace.
  • Coercive Acts

    - Summary 5 laws passed by Parliament that caused an outrage amongst colonists. - Importance

    Important because colonists viewed it as a violation of their rights and form the First Continental Congress to coordinate their protest. It helped unite the 13 colonies as well.
  • Connecticut Compromise

    - Summary An agreement which defined the legislative structure of the U.S under the constitution. - Importance

    Important because this split the influence that smaller states would have with less population and even balance of opinions within the US government. Note: This leads to the 3/5ths compromise (where Blacks are considered subhuman.)
  • Continental System

    - Summary A foreign policy used by Napoleon against Britain and Ireland. - Importance

    Important because it was part of Napoleons strategy to destroy Britain economically, not with a battle, and cause big debt and inflation. He used this by manipulating Macons Bill No.2. It was pretty much a failure.
  • Corrupt Bargain

    - Summary John Adams appoints Henry Clay as Secretary of State. - Importance

    Important because some people (obviously Jackson and supporters) saw this as corrupt and cheap whereby Henry Clay supported Adams in the House vote in return for the office of secretary of state.
  • Crispus Attucks

    - Summary Man killed in the Boston Massacre. - Importance

    Important because it provided the colonists with a massive outlet for their British hate in the events leading the American Revolution.
  • Erie Canal

    - Summary Canal from NY to Great Lakes used for trade.

    - Importance Important because it cut down nearly 95%~ of transportation costs and greatly improved the economy. Provided manufactured goods to settle the Old Northwest, and crops could be shipped back East. Would eventually be succeeded by the railroad, but not for some time.

  • Galloway Plan

    - Summary A plan to have an American parliment while remaining British. - Importance

    Important because colonists were still not sure about the separating from Britain, it was narrowly defeated 6 - 5 in the congress.
  • Hartford Convention

    - Summary Discussion of New England's sucession from the U.S. - Importance

    Important because it led to the fall of the federalist party and opposition of public opinion against war.
  • Henry Clay

    - Summary American Whig statesman: "The Great Compromiser"

    - Importance He negotiated many politically divisive issues. Famous for the American System, the Compromise Tariff of 1833, and the Compromise of 1850

  • Impressment

    - Summary Forcing U.S sailors into the British navy. - Importance

    Important because this was a common act during the war of 1812 and led to tensions between the U.S. and Britain.
  • James Otis

    - Summary Massachusetts lawyer and revolutionary leader. - Importance

    Important for his opposition against the writs and spoke out even though he was loyal to Britain. Known for his "Taxation without Representation is Tyranny" quote.
  • Jay’s Treaty

    - Summary Treaty to avoid war with Britain over trade with France. - Importance

    Important because it was basically a patch whipped up by the government to improve and reopen trade with Britain and avoid war. It was successful.
  • Judiciary Act, 1789

    - Summary The basic structure of the federal judiciary. - Importance

    It is important because many saw it as controversial and anti-federalists opposed it because they saw it as tyranny. It gave the Supreme Court more power but was later denounced by John Marshall in Marbury v. Madison.
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    - Summary Law passed by Congress that allowed the sales of land in the Northwest Territory and all of Northern America

    - Importance

    Important because it contributed largely to early settlement of these lands, and organization of townships and their borders by creating easily understandable borders that were clear and simple, squares.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    - Summary Massive purchase of land from France. - Importance

    Important because Thomas Jefferson's move was considered unconstitutional since he had bend the rules and make it so he could buy the land because it wasn't in the constitution, seen as hippocratic.
  • Macon’s Bill No. 2

    - Summary US law which was intended to stop France and Britain from seizing US Ships. - Importance Important because Napoleon exploited this in hopes of destroying the British economy ( Continental Plan) . It basically caused a huge entanglement with the 3 countries, leading to the War of 1812.

  • Monroe Doctrine

    - Summary U.S policy closing the Hemisphere to further colonization. - Importance

    Important because it was used to define reason in the Mexican war and against some Latin American countries. It also helped ward off other countries such as Britain.
  • New Jersey Plan

    - Summary Proposal for the structure of the U.S. - Importance

    Important because it was similar to the Virginia plan, but was rejected and Virginia plan used, BUT some of its ideas were added into the new US constitution.
  • Newburgh Conspiracy

    - Summary Attempted coup in the continental army. Took place in 1783. - Importance

    Important because George Washington made his very charismatic speech; saying he's endured as much hardships as they from the war. It appeases them and avoids any conflicts.
  • Nullification

    - Summary A term for a state calling a Fed. law invalid on their state.

    - Importance Crisis ensued over it involving South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification, claiming the federal tariff void on their state.

  • Panic of 1819

    - Summary first major financial crisis in the U.S.

    - Importance

    Important because it caused land to be sold very cheap, but was also a panic that halted much expansion until 1823.
  • Patrick Henry

    - Summary Prominent figure in Revolution and was one of the Founding Fathers. - Importance

    Important because he was seen as the most influential, radical and pro-republican figures. He is known for his famous "Give me Liberty, or give me DEATH!" speech.
  • Paxton Boys

    - Summary A vigilante group of Scots-Irishmen from PA that murdered natives. - Importance

    Important because people agreed it was a coward-like-act and the group was more savage than the Indians themselves.
  • Primogeniture

    - Summary Law which gave the right to inherit estate to the first-born. - Importance

    Important because the American Revolution was the movement that sponsored equitable (equal) inheritance. That led to the abolishing of the law in states such as Georgia , North Carolina and eventually Rhode Island.
  • Quartering Act

    - Summary Act of parliament requiring British soldiers to be housed in private homes.

    - Importance Important because it greatly increased tension between Boston Whigs and Parliament and created a general feeling of mutiny. (This was one of the Intolerable Acts.)

  • Quasi War with France

    - Summary An unofficial mini war with France. - Importance Important because it was the birth of a required coastal defense and navy, the US Navy to protect US ships. This led to the congress authorizing the purchase of 12 vessels; each with 22 cannons. Dude, this is 😎

  • Quebec Act

    - Summary An act by Parliament setting the guidelines/rules of governing the Province of Quebec. - Importance

    Important because British immigrants saw it as a removal of certain political freedoms, but land owners and clergy were happy with the acts. Parliament did this in fear that the province might support the American Revolution.
  • Quock Walker

    - Summary An American slave who sued for, and won, his freedom. - Importance

    Important because it was a case credited to abolishing slavery in Massachusetts.
  • Samuel Slater

    - Summary Founding Father of US industry

    - Importance Important because he was, well, the Father of American Industry. He helped America create mills and factories.

  • Second Great Awakening

    - Summary 1880s religious revival. - Importance

    Important because it affected movements such as women rights, influenced Native Americans as well as Blacks, created new ideas, factions and opinions.
  • Shays’ Rebellion

    - Summary An armed uprising in Mass consisting of poor farmers. - Importance

    Important because it paved the way to the constitution and also showed that the national government was very weak at the time.
  • Sons of Liberty

    - Summary Political group of colonial patriots. - Importance Important because they were a foundation which resisted British laws, resisting through legislative resolutions, demonstrations, and sometimes but rarely violence. And every Friday was free ice-cream day.

  • Stamp Act

    - Summary Taxation on the colonies. - Importance

    Important because colonists felt they were taxed unfairly and resisted which led to its repeal, was also an internal tax.
  • Sugar Act, 1764

    - Summary British revenue raising act for sugar and other products. - Importance

    Important because once again colonists get mad at Britain for taxing them. Helps fuel the fire for a revolution.
  • Tariff of 1789

    - Summary A tariff is a tax on imports and exports enacted by Alexander Hamilton. - Importance

    Important because it was a factor that led to the wide rift between federalists and anti federalists as well as a precursor to the Civil War.
  • Tecumseh

    - Summary A Native American leader of the Shawnee tribe that opposed the U.S. - Importance

    Important because he was known for his opposition to surrender Native American land to white settlers, he tried to form alliances with other tribes but failed.
  • Thomas Paine

    - Summary One of the founding fathers of the US. - Importance

    Important because he wrote a very influential pamphlet called "Common Sense" that advocated independence from Britain.
  • Toussaint L’Ouverture

    - Summary Man who led the Haitian revolution. - Importance

    Important because it was "the first successful attempt by a slave population in the Americas and the world win independence from European colonialism."
  • Townshend Acts

    - Summary A series of laws/taxes by Parliament and Charles Townshend. - Importance

    Important because colonists felt this was unfair, John Dickinson writes his crazy "Letters from a Farmer" that speaks about the difference between internal taxes and external, claiming the acts unconstitutional.
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    - Summary A 1790 whisky tax protest. - Importance Important because it was one of Alexander Hamilton's programs to fix the US debt after the war and ALSO showed that the US government was willing to suppress resistance and protests to laws swiftly and effectively.

  • Worcester v. Georgia

    - Summary A US supreme case about Georgia and Indian lands. - Importance Important because John Marshall says laws of Georgia can have no force in Indian affairs claiming it a special 'problem', and deemed it unconstitutional. Georgia complies. It's also important because he follows up on his previous opinion from the Cherokee case.

  • Writs of Assistance

    - Summary Allowed customs officers in the colonies to search cargo. - Importance

    Important because it was an issue of reason and violation of rights, and 'basically' put users with writs above the law.
  • XYZ Affair

    - Summary A diplomatic event with strained relations between Fr. and the U.S. - Importance Important because it showed the US was now a big player and will not be bossed around by countries such as France. Cause & Effect Cause: France demanded a $12 milion loan to maintain peace and an apology from John Adams Effect: The U.S negotiators (Marshall and Pinckney) were deported back the U.S